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Copper-Stone housing at the location 'Mosphylia'

The relics of the housing are divided in two architectural phases. In the first one there are large circular residences with diameters 8 and 11 metres long, whereas in the second one there are shorter dimensions of 4 and 5 metres long. Actually, two carven tombs were discovered in the floor of a second phase residence, which constitute the primary samples of a new style in the evolving course of the burial Architecture, which characterizes the last chronological phase of the Copper-stone age and of the entire posterior Copper Age (2300-1900 B.C.)”. In the first tomb, a sloping path leads inside two burial chambers, one containing the skeleton of a middle-aged man and the second one containing two skeletons “holding hands with their sides on the ground”. Funeral gifts were discovered in both burial chambers. In the second tomb, “the remains of a single skeleton were found scattered and without any funeral gifts”. 

From both phases of the housing, archaeologists have discovered various movable objects such as stony agricultural tools and household utensils, bone objects, ceramic conches with written reddish decoration on a white external surface, which is the same kind of decoration that the conches found in “Mylouthkia” had.   

Moreover, figurines made of stone and clay were discovered in “Mosphylia”, from which a special place is held by the “stony standing woman figure characterized by a long neck, a triangular face, a rectangular nose, square anaglyph eyes and hair in the centre of the head”. This woman figurine is dated back to the year 3000 B.C. 

During the 1987 excavations came to light a rectangular artificial dugout of the Middle Copper-stone age, of the year 3000 B.C, in which an impressive treasure of various movable objects was discovered. This treasure included 54 objects and multiple ceramic conches. Among the findings was a large cup having the shape of an irregular, circular enclosure with an entrance and a flat base. It constitutes the most ancient model of an outdoor worshipping Sanctuary, inside of which anthropomorphous clay figurines and other worshipping objects were discovered.  The internal and external surface of the cup has a “thin off-white coating paneled by written reddish decoration of regular ribbons, straight and devious lines and various other geometrical shapes”.

Especially impressive among the worshipping objects is a small clay stool which used to possibly constitute the seat on which a woman about to give birth sat.  

Finally, it must be noted that the entire village of Kissonerga, including the residential area, is rich in archaeological findings. The residents of the village have discovered various objects such as “clay pots, small glass containers and other gold ornaments” of various styles and ages.  


KleanthisI. Vakis,“Kissonerga Through the Centuries”, Lefkosia 2003


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